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Supporting Parents in Making Informed Decisions in Relation to their Children’s Health Needs

 
Prevention or treatment decisions in healthcare have been found to be optimized when each of research evidence, patient preferences and clinical expertise are considered. For pediatric patients, however, the decision-making process is more challenging as it requires clinicians to inform, obtain consent, and consider the values of the parent or caregivers as well as the child (depending on developmental maturity).
Several systematic reviews and primary studies have shown that involving parents/guardians in the decision-making process has many benefits. Given this potential, it is timely to consider the evidence about what approaches can be used to support parents and caregivers in making informed decisions related to their child’s health needs, and how these can be effectively implemented in the health system.
Rapid synthesis: