Poverty reduction measures are an important approach to improving health and well-being. In Canada, while the prevalence of low income among older adults has declined since 1976, older adults are more likely to be towards the bottom of the income distribution. Living in poverty is of particular concern among older adult populations given the additional challenges that are often associated with aging (e.g., multimorbidity, reduced mobility and independence, and loss of community and social supports).
Given the rates of poverty among older adults in Canada, it is important to understand the effectiveness of tax-and-transfer systems in reducing poverty in this population. For the purposes of this rapid synthesis, we focus, where possible, on the effects of tax benefits and incentives on reducing poverty among older adults.