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Identifying and Assessing Core Components of Collaborative-care Models for Treating Mental and Physical Health Conditions

In growing recognition of the prevalence of multimorbidity, and its detrimental effects on outcomes, efforts are now being made to develop, pilot and scale up integrated or collaborative-care models that aim to provide comprehensive care for both mental and physical health conditions.  However, one challenge that initiatives such as this face is a lack of synthesized research evidence about their core components, which is essential for developing, piloting and scaling up promising models in a way that enhances patient experience, improves health outcomes and reduces per capita costs. The objective of this rapid synthesis is to begin to fill this gap by identifying research evidence and program and system descriptions/analyses about the core components of collaborative-care models for treating mental and physical health conditions that have been described in the literature, and to distil the core components of those models. 
Rapid synthesis: